Aviation needs confidence to take off again – industry chief
PARIS, France – The coronavirus pandemic has dealt airlines an unprecedented blow – to get back in business they will have to reinstill confidence in travelers and avoid a patchwork of restrictions, said the head of the industry's trade association.
"We've never seen anything like this," said Alexandre de Juniac, head of the International Air Transport Association (IATA) which represents some 290 airlines.
Airlines have parked between 80% and 90% of their aircraft, some 4.5 million flights have been canceled, and an estimated $314 billion in revenues will be lost this year.
"There is no precedent for a crisis of this level," he told Agence France-Presse in an interview.
But some airlines have announced plans to begin to increase flights in the coming weeks as restrictions are eased and nations open their borders.
"One of the keys to restarting travel is a robust process of checking passengers," said de Juniac, adding that this would reinstill confidence and help to convince governments to lift border closures.
No empty middle seat
He said the industry was working on developing procedures that would be safe and permit economically viable operations.
They will not include leaving seats empty to spread out passengers.
"Empty seats don't provide added security," said de Juniac.
"But the economic impact would be absolutely catastrophic," he said, requiring airlines to raise prices by 50% to 100%.
Discusions at the United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization and between major countries are aiming to broker a "convergent approach that is harmonized around the world on health checks."
Measures applied by airlines and airports, he said, would avoid the kind of "patchwork" of rules adopted by nations following the 9/11 attacks in 2001, when al-Qaeda militants hijacked 4 planes and crashed them into buildings in the United States.
Among the measures being proposed are mandatory health declarations, temperature checks, mask-wearing throughout terminals and on planes, provision of prepacked meals, regular disinfection of aircraft cabins, and restrictions on luggage.
The industry hopes that such measures, along with planes' air filtration systems, will reassure both passengers and governments that air travel can be resumed safely even though a vaccine for the novel coronavirus is not expected until next year at the earliest.
IATA does not expect air traffic to return to its pre-crisis level until 2023.
Airlines have already announced the layoff of tens of thousands of staff as they try to survive.
De Juniac noted that only 3 or 4 airlines have gone belly up, including Virgin Australia, which voluntarily entered administration in April.
The airline industry also plans to keep its promises in terms of the environment – cutting 2005 CO2 emissions by half by 2025.
"We're trying to convince governments to dedicate a part of the economic support plans to developing biofuels," said de Juniac.
He said airlines might replace their fleets a bit more slowly – which would mean old aircraft that consume more fuel and spew out more pollution do not get replaced as quickly.
"But we'll also have fewer planes flying and therefore a bit lower emissions," said de Juniac.
Concerning governments tying aid to environmental obligations, as France has done with a state-backed loan for Air France, he said it complicated efforts to find urgent responses to the crisis.
"In any case, we're going to honor our environmental promises," he said. – Rappler.com