FAST FACTS: 2015 census of population
MANILA, Philippines – On Monday, August 10, the government will start with its new round of house-to-house and institutional surveys to determine the country's latest population.
This is the 14th census of population to be undertaken in the Philippines, with the very first census conducted in 1903.
The most recent census – the May 2010 survey – revealed a total population of 92,337,852. Based on projections given this most recent population, it is believed that the 2015 population could reach over 100 million.
In fact, the country's population had already reached 100 million in July 2014.
Here's some information you need to know about the 2015 Census:
1. What agency will facilitate the census?
The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is tasked to take an inventory of the population in the Philippines.
Republic Act 10625, or the Philippine Statistical Act of 2013, states that PSA "shall prepare and conduct periodic censuses on population, housing, agriculture, fisheries, business, industry, and other sectors of the economy."
Based on the 2015 General Appropriations Act (GAA), around P2.13 billion of the total budget allotted to PSA was assigned to the 2015 Census.
2. How long will the survey be conducted?
The 2015 census starts on August 10. It is expected to last for 25 days (including Saturdays and holidays) up to September 6 in most provinces, and may be extended in big cities.
Each household census interview will take from 15 to 30 minutes. Among the questions to be asked by enumerators are household members’ age, sex, marital status, education, and occupation.
3. Who will conduct the surveys?
PSA will send about 90,000 enumerators to conduct the house-to-house interviews. Enumerators will be wearing their standard uniform: they will wear T-shirts and ID cards, and will bring clipboards, umbrella, and rain coats, all with the PSA logo and design.
Also, the IDs of the enumerators will bear the signature of PSA National Statistician and Civil Registrar General Lisa Grace Bersales.
About 23,000 supervisors were hired to supervise groups of enumerators.
The statisticians of the provincial offices of PSA will serve as census area supervisors. Other regular personnel from the PSA central office and field offices shall also serve as supervisors during the census.
4. Who should respond to the surveys?
For house-to-house surveys, enumerators will use the Household Questionnaire (CP Form 2), to be answered by the head of the household or his/her spouse, or any responsible member of the household who can provide accurate answers to the questions, or can give correct information for the household and all its members.
Other types of surveys include:
- the Institutional Population survey (CP Form 4) for the manager/administrator/individual members of the institution or institutional living quarter
- the Barangay Schedule survey (CP Form 5) for the Punong Barangay or any incumbent barangay official
RA 10625 requires a truthful response to the survey. Any individual who refuses or fails to give truthful and complete answers to statistical inquiries shall be penalized with one-year imprisonment and a fine of P100,000.
5. Is it safe to divulge information in the survey?
All census personnel are required to keep in strict confidence any information obtained during the survey. RA 10625 states that the data provided by survey respondents "shall be considered privileged information and as such shall be inadmissible as evidence in any proceeding."
A breach of this confidentiality of information will yield a fine of between P5,000 and P10,000 and/or imprisonment from 3 months up to 1 year.
6. When will the final statistics be released to the public?
The population count by province, city, municipality, and barangay will be submitted to the Office of the President for proclamation as official census counts in January 2016.
Other detailed data will be released on a staggered basis starting the last quarter of 2016.
PSA releases data only in the form of summaries or statistical tables. Information to be released will have no reference to any particular individual or institution. – Research by Reynaldo Santos Jr/Rappler.com
Sources: Philippine Statistics Authority website, various news websites