Time to compromise for climate – French FM
PARIS, France – French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius, tasked with steering UN talks towards a climate rescue pact by year's end, urged countries Monday, July 20, to find "compromise" to boost the flagging process.
Rank-and-file negotiators "are being stymied by political questions they can't always resolve at their level," Fabius said.
"We ministers have to start looking now for compromise on the big political issues," Fabius told ministers or senior representatives from 45 countries.
"That's how the negotiations are going to move forward."
Paris will host a 195-nation UN climate conference from November 30 to December 11 to hammer out a deal aimed at holding dangerous global warming in check.
The current draft of the accord is little more than an unwieldy, 86-page laundry list of sticking points and options.
Underscoring the urgency of the task, the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reported Monday that the first half of 2015 was the hottest on record for the planet.
Fabius urged countries to narrow the gap on two issues in particular, starting with the level of ambition – meaning the scale of carbon emissions curbs.
The UN has embraced a goal of limiting average global warming to 2ºC (3.6ºF) over pre-industrial levels.
Scientists say disastrous climate impacts can be avoided at this threshold, but warn the world is on course for double the target, or more.
Another issue that has bedeviled the UN climate talks almost since they started over 20 years ago is how to apportion responsibility for curbing carbon emissions.
Developing countries want rich nations, which have polluted for longer, to bear more of the burden.
But the United States and others point the finger at high-population developing economies like China and India, which are burning through vast carbon stocks to power their way out of poverty.
The two Asian giants now account for more emissions than the United States and European Union (EU) together.
'Time to be pragmatic'
Fabius said the ministers and senior officials would meet in Paris again in early September to tackle another Gordian Knot of the climate talks: finance.
The fraught 2009 climate summit in Copenhagen decided developing countries would receive $100 billion (92 billion euros) annually from 2020 to help reduce CO2 emissions and adapt to unavoidable climate impacts.
But a host of thorny questions remain on where the money will come from, how it will be distributed, and how spending will be verified.
The issue will also be on the agenda of a meeting of the World Bank and International monetary Fund (IMF) in Lima in October.
Peru's climate representative, Jorge Voto-Bernales, echoed Fabius' call for compromise.
"It is time to be pragmatic," he told the gathering. "Each of us has to compare our preferred outcome with the possibility of not reaching an agreement at all."
Elsewhere in Paris, another meeting of high-profile personalities will seek to raise awareness Tuesday about the need for action at a so-called Summit of Conscience for the Climate.
To be opened by French President Francois Hollande, the 300-strong gathering will be headlined by former UN secretary-general Kofi Annan, Nobel Peace laureate Muhammad Yunus, and actor and former California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. – Marlowe Hood, AFP / Rappler.com