Rescuers race to reach Japan quake victims
MINAMI-ASO, Japan (3rd UPDATE) – Rescuers used shovels to dig through mountains of soil Sunday, April 17, as they raced against the threat of more landslides to reach people still trapped by two big earthquakes in Japan.
At least 41 people are known to have died in the double disaster and 11 are still missing, feared buried in shattered houses or under torrents of mud.
Heavy rain forecast for the area around Kumamoto did not materialize Sunday, offering some relief for officials who cautioned more aftershocks might spark further mudslides.
Tens of thousands of people had spent the night in temporary accommodation, or huddled in makeshift shelters as the rescue effort stepped up a gear.
Up to 25,000 personnel fanned out through stricken villages where scores of traditional-style houses were shattered by the quake, or buried in the earth and rock that cascaded down hillsides.
In badly hit Minami-Aso, dozens of rescuers worked with hand-shovels in a delicate operation to reach at least one person who has not been seen since the 7.0 magnitude quake struck in the small hours of Saturday.
Where 4 houses had once stood on a ridge, only 3 remained – the fourth washed away by a tide of earth that swept through the settlement.
Yoko Eto, 38, said her neighbor, whom she identified as Mr. Katashima, had been found dead with his dog, but his wife was missing.
Still visibly shaken, she spoke of her horror as a torrent of muddy water from a nearby reservoir gushed through her home.
"I could hear a rumbling sound soon after the quake. It felt like only a few minutes before the water came rushing through the ground floor," she told Agence France-Presse.
Eto scrambled to safety with her elderly father, but has been left with nothing.
"I thought I might be able to find some important things, like ID documents," she said as she scoured the ruins of her home. "But I could only find old photo albums."
In nearby Mashiki, few of the formerly elegant wooden houses remained intact.
"I sleep in a car and stay in this tent during the day," 52-year-old Seiya Takamori told Agence France-Presse, gesturing to a shelter made from a blue plastic sheet.
"We all knew there was an active fault running underneath the town of Mashiki, but no one really cared about it.
"We always said to each other that a big quake would hit at some point, but didn't really take it seriously."
More than 90,000 people have been evacuated, including 300 from an area near a dam thought to be at risk of collapse.
Isolated villages in mountainous areas were completely cut off by landslides and damage to roads.
Aerial footage showed a bridge on a main trunk road had crashed onto the carriageway below, its pillars felled by the huge seismic jolt.
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said Japan's rescue effort was to be augmented by the United States military.
"Our defense minister informed me that the US military said aerial transportation is available. We are grateful for the offer," he said.
The US has almost 50,000 servicemen and women stationed in Japan.
Tilt-rotor Osprey aircraft were among those taking part in relief efforts, the US Marines said.
More than 400 aftershocks have rocked Kumamoto and other parts of central Kyushu, an area unaccustomed to the powerful quakes that regularly rattle other parts of Japan.
Thursday's (April 14) initial quake, logged at magnitude 6.2, affected older buildings and killed nine people, but Saturday's brought newer structures crashing down.
Both quakes had very shallow epicenters and caused fierce shaking.
The damage looked set to affect industry, with car giant Toyota announcing the gradual suspension of assembly lines nationwide, citing problems with parts suppliers in the area.
Honda said its motorcycle plant in Kumamoto will also remain shut until Friday.
Around 63,000 households were still without electricity by Sunday afternoon.
Japan is one of the world's most seismically active countries.
A huge undersea quake in March 2011 killed around 18,500 people when it sent a devastating tsunami barreling into the northeast coast, sparking a nuclear disaster at Fukushima.
This week's quakes provoked renewed debate among seismologists about the likelihood of a megaquake many expect to hit over the coming decades.
Experts predict that the so-called Nankai Trough quake could claim as many as 320,000 lives. – Harumi Ozawa, AFP / Rappler.com